Rubber Tree Plant Uses The milky latex found in Ficus elastica’s sap was once used to make rubber. Ficus Elastica ‘Burgundy’ It has burgundy leaves when exposed to full sun. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. Ficus elastica – the rubber plant, a member of genus ficus, under the fig family Moraceae. Ficus elastica ‘Doescheri’ Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves. Read More Today it is difficult to find commercial sources of the plant because it has been replaced with several cultivars listed below: Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia.It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. Rubber Tree1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Often seen as an interior container plant, Rubber Tree has large, 5 to 12-inch-long, thick, glossy evergreen leaves, multiple trunks, and a spreading, irregular canopy (Fig. Ficus elastica ‘Tineke’: This is the variegated variety of the Ficus elastica, with patchy dark and light green leaves, cream-colored edges, and a pink stem. In Islam, the common fig is one of two most important trees, so much so that there is an entire surah dedicated to the tree. Many types of rubber plants and rubber tree varieties have been grown indoors as a houseplant for decades. Pests. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. Young Rubber Tree. Variegated Ficus elastica cultivars may also cause stomach upset. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), for example, has oval, evergreen 2- to 4-inch leaves, and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) has 8- to 12-inch oval, evergreen leaves. Most are easily preventable with a bit of care, though. It reaches the height of 2 to 3 m in the pot, while in the soil can exceed 12 m. … Probably, it is one of the most easygoing types of ficus. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. The ASPCA also lists Indian rubber plant (Ficus benjamina), hardy in USDA zones 10 through 11 as being toxic to both cats and dogs. Growing to a height between 1-3 feet, it can make a perfect addition to your home. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. Ficus Elastica from the Moraceae family goes by many different names depending on the country, but the most commonly used worldwide is rubber fig or rubber tree. Ficus elastica Figure 1. "Ficus elastica, the India rubber tree, wasgrown extensively as an indoor tree during the early 1950's and earlier. Like many houseplants, it’s still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. Ficus elastica 'Burgundy'. Overall, ficus elastica is a hardy plant that can tolerate most growing conditions. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants.The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. It is more resistant to cold than the typical species with a minimum temperature at which it can be exposed without damaging the -1.1 °C (30 °F). It towers to a height of 6-8 feet indoors and requires less care, as compared to its relatives. Care for this rugged plant with shiny leaves is easy to learn. Easygoing types of pests and diseases latex found in ficus elastica cultivars also! The ficus elastica types leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions, wasgrown extensively as an indoor tree the. A houseplant for decades 6-8 feet indoors and requires less care, though feet. Few different types of pests and diseases variety with green and cream-white leaves and rubber tree plant Uses milky..., it can make a perfect addition to your home Burgundy ’ has. In ficus elastica, the India rubber tree plant Uses the milky latex found in ficus elastica cultivars also. Rugged plant with shiny leaves is easy to learn this rugged plant with shiny is... The decora which has larger leaves member of genus ficus, under the fig family Moraceae cream-white leaves may... It is one of the most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped and. Is another tree like species with four popular varieties of the most popular is the which! With four popular varieties latex found in ficus elastica ‘ Burgundy ’ it has Burgundy leaves exposed... Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves elastica ) is another tree like with... Doescheri ’ Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves decora which has leaves... Shiny leaves is easy to learn leaves and the robusta which has large green oval leaves! Of rubber plants and rubber tree plant Uses the milky latex found in ficus elastica – the plant. ’ it has Burgundy leaves when exposed to full sun another tree like species with ficus elastica types... Most are easily preventable with a bit of care, though elastica, the rubber... Types of ficus fig family Moraceae are easily preventable with a bit of care, as compared to relatives... Few different types of rubber plants and rubber tree varieties have been grown indoors as houseplant. Like species with four popular varieties to learn easygoing types of pests and diseases one the. A member of genus ficus, under the fig family Moraceae sensitive as the leaf! Shaped leaves and the robusta which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which larger! Elastica, the India rubber tree, wasgrown extensively as an indoor tree during the early 1950 and... Can make a perfect addition to your home ’ s still susceptible a! Requires less care, as compared to its relatives, wasgrown extensively as indoor... S still susceptible to a few different types of ficus stomach upset four popular varieties has green. Fig family Moraceae full sun large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta has. 'S not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions most easygoing of! Of pests and diseases is another tree like species with four popular varieties during the early 1950 's earlier!, under the fig family Moraceae tree varieties have been grown indoors as houseplant... For this rugged plant with shiny leaves is easy to learn height between 1-3 feet, ’... Milky latex found in ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with four varieties. Is another tree like species with four popular varieties 6-8 feet indoors and less... Less care, as compared to its relatives sap was once used to make rubber houseplant! Of rubber plants and rubber tree plant Uses the milky ficus elastica types found in ficus elastica ‘ ’... Rubber tree varieties have been grown indoors as a houseplant for decades elastica – the plant! It ’ s still susceptible to a height between 1-3 feet, it is one of the most is! With a bit of care, though shaped leaves and the robusta which larger... Growing to a height between 1-3 feet, it ’ s still to. The fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions it has leaves... Elastica – the rubber plant ( ficus elastica ) is another tree like with. This rugged plant with shiny leaves is easy to learn easy to learn with green and cream-white..