For some reason we didn’t visit it in when we first arrived like everyone else, so after 1 month in Damascus we thought it was time! Use the scroll wheel to zoom at the details. http://bertrandterlindeninarchitecture.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/03-10-damas-temenos-et-eglise-entre-635-et-705.jpg, http://bertrandterlindeninarchitecture.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/03-09-damas-grande-mosquee-plan.jpg, The Umayyads conquer Constantinople in 717. After their defeat by the Abbassids in 750, the Ummayyads pursued their constructive role in Andalusia (Spain) where they produced numerous marvels some of which we can still admire today. Umayyad dynasty, the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the caliphate (661–750). One of the most famous sights in Damascus is the Umayyad Mosque. Seen here in the background is the Minaret of the Bride, Madhanat al-Arus. Copyright © 2020 The Complete Pilgrim, LLC || Marietta, GA 30068 ||, Not currently available due to ongoing problems in the region, 5 PLACES TO VISIT IN HISTORIC PHILADELPHIA – MUSLIM TRAVEL ROCKS, MOVING THE U.S. EMBASSY TO JERUSALEM – FAITH IN FAITHS. The Umayyad Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Damascus, located in the old city of Damascus, is one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. Long before Damascus rose to prominence as the Umayyad dynasty’s capital of the Islamic Caliphate, it was a major early center of the Christian faith.  According to the New Testament, Christianity was introduced to Damascus by the disciple Ananias within a year or two after the Ascension, making Damascus one of the first major cities outside of Judea to be evangelized.  Ironically, it was not until the reign of the Umayyad Muslims in the 7th century that Damascus would see the construction of its greatest Christian shrine: the Umayyad Mosque.  The Umayyad Mosque is the most prominent holy site in the Islamic world to showcase a major New Testament relic, the head of John the Baptist, and is highly revered today both by Muslims and Christians.  The Umayyad Mosque is part of the Ancient City of Damascus UNESCO World Heritage Site. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is the culmination of years of his work and passion. The mosque contains the tomb of Prophet Yahya (St. John the Baptist) located in the heart of the Old City. After a number of victories, Mu‘awiya emerged as the sole ruler of the Muslim world. The mosque is also famous for its minarets, the Minaret of the bride, the Western Minaret and the Minaret of Jesus. The Damascus Umayyad Mosque was one of the first monumental structures of Islamic architecture built. The emplacement of the ancient basilica is controversial. Al Khamis Mosque Al Khamis Mosque is believed to be the oldest mosques in Bahrain; Built during the era of the Umayyad Caliph Umar Bin Abdulaziz. Within the Umayyad Mosque complex are three minarets. Click here for […]. That’s right you heard it right it’s FREE. Email us at hkramer@thecompletepilgrim.com. Just drag the mouse to the direction you want to look. All rights reserved. Hypostyle hall, Great Mosque at Córdoba, Spain, begun 786 and enlarged during the 9th and 10th centuries Mu‘awiya established his capital at Damascus, shifting his power base north of Mecca and Medina in the Arab heartland. ___ Courtyard and Minaret of the Umayyad Mosque The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر ‎), also known as the Mosque of Uqba (جامع عقبة بن نافع), is a mosque situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia and is one of the most impressive and largest Islamic monuments in North Africa..  Its strategic importance grew during the wars between Assyria, Babylon and the Israelite kingdoms.  Damascus briefly rose to prominence during the Persian period as the provincial capital of Syria, but receded once again to quasi-obscurity following the founding of Antioch by the Seleucids. Standing outside Aleppo's Umayyad mosque the city's mufti Mahmoud Akkam said he initially wanted the celebrated landmark to be restored by fellow Syrians Get premium, high … Unfortunately, only parts of that great mosaic still stands today due to four disastrous fires. Filed Under: Early Christian Site, Gravesite Saint, Muslim, New Testament Site Tagged With: Syria/Jordan/Lebanon. Your email address will not be published. Following the arrival of the Abbasids, Syria waned in importance again, at least until the arrival of Christian Crusaders in the 11th century suddenly made Damascus a major strategic prize.  Damascus was a focal point in the standoff between Christians and Muslims in the 12th century, and it was from here that Saladin launched the counterattack that eventually drove the Crusaders from Jerusalem.  Over the next eight centuries, Damascus was ruled by a succession of Islamic dynasties, sacked several times by the Mongols, and was generally not a friendly place for Christians.  Nevertheless, the city’s ancient Christian community survived through centuries of trials and tribulations right down to the present day, held together in part by the tradition of John the Baptist and the mosque. Long before Damascus rose to prominence as the Umayyad dynasty’s capital of the Islamic Caliphate, it was a major early center of the Christian faith. The Great Umayyad Mosque remains one of the great symbols of the glorious period of Muslim civilisation and its pride. Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680. It was battered but still standing in this image taken on 16 April. Learn more about the Great Mosque in this article. Apr 19, 2016 - 4Photo:The Umayyad Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Damascus, Syria. For most of art historians, antiques foundations and exterior walls of the mosque seems more be those of ancient Jupiter temple. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church of St. John the Baptist. Click here for complete article, by Mary Neuhauser President Trump recently announced his intentions to move the United States Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, thereby recognizing Jerusalem as the official capital of Israel. The area where the Umayyad Mosque is situated has been a sacred site tor thousands of years. The beautiful identical twin minarets of this outstanding Islamic architectural masterpiece can easily be notice as one drives along the Shaikh Salman Road in Khamis, even from a distance. I am a little confused by what you've said. The Umayyad Mosque's religious significance was reinforced by its renowned medieval manuscripts and ranking as one of the wonders of the world due to is beauty and scale of construction. Prior to this, the cathedral was still in use by the local Christians, but a prayer room ( musalla ) for Muslims had been constructed on the southeastern part of the building. See more ideas about Umayyad mosque, Mosque, Damascus syria. Copyright © 2006-2020 Historum. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Umayyad Mosque is a spectacular edifice.  Constructed before the more Persian-style Islamic architecture came into vogue, it appears much more like a Byzantine monastic compound than a mosque.  This is not unusual since it was largely constructed by Byzantine workers who previously worked on churches and cathedrals.  The three minarets were added at different times, exhibiting a variety of construction styles.  One of the minarets is dedicated to Jesus of Nazareth.  Despite the mosque’s ancient look, the building has been regularly repaired over the centuries, with a substantial renovation having been made after a fire in the 19th century. Umayyad Mosque. All written content has been originally researched and produced and is provided free for public research and enjoyment. It is the first monumental work of architecture in Islamic history. Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. Al Khamis Mosque Al Khamis Mosque is believed to be the oldest mosques in Bahrain; Built during the era of the Umayyad Caliph Umar Bin Abdulaziz. Located in Spain, this mosque is a monument to the religious changes that have taken place in the city since it was first populated. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures standing from the late 8th century. The spot where the mosque now stands was originally a temple dedicated to the idol Hadad in the Aramaean era about 3000 years ago. Information on Arab tribes migration during the Umayyad, Abbasid, and Fatimid eras? For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. The interior of the mosque is richly decorated, blending Christian and Muslim styles of many periods.  The head of John the Baptist is contained in an elaborate white-marble tomb located beneath the great dome.  The reliquary is visible through a series of latticework protected portals.  The Umayyad mosque is also home to the tomb of one of Islam’s greatest heroes: Saladin, the king who retook Jerusalem from the Crusaders.  Because he had given most of his money away to the poor, Saladin was laid to rest in a simple garden outside of the mosque’s walls.  A marble mausoleum was constructed in the 20th century as a gift of the German empire, but the body was never moved, and remains in a wooden coffin nearby. Welcome to The Complete Pilgrim(TM)! Prior to the advent of Islam, the Umayyads were a largely merchant family of the Quraysh tribe centered at Mecca. Before entering the mosque was promptly has to visit the “putting on special clothes” room, where one covers up in a robe-esque jacket thing. Thanks Calame, very useful and interesting! Christianity arrived in Damascus at a very early date, perhaps as early as 35 AD.  Ananias, one of the Seventy Disciples, began evangelizing there in the years following the Pentecost.  One of the most pivotal moments in early Christian history took place here.  Paul, the great persecutor of the disciples of Jesus, received a vision of Christ on the road to the city and was overcome with blindness.  Shortly afterwards he arrived in Damascus where he was cured and formally converted to Christianity by Ananias.  Damascus became an important place of refuge for Christians during the Jewish revolts.  It is even possible that the Patriarchate of Jerusalem relocated to Damascus for a time in the 1st and 2nd centuries. The minaret of Aleppo's world-famous Umayyad Mosque has been destroyed in fighting between Syrian forces and rebels. Its Great Mosque, paradigm of mosques in the Muslim West, is the most glorious expression of what once was the art and culture of al-Andalus. Stone ,Concrete,Marble .I hope it's still standing. The beautiful identical twin minarets of this outstanding Islamic architectural masterpiece can easily be notice as one drives along the Shaikh Salman Road in Khamis, even from a distance. Mu‘awiya also instituted political and bureaucratic systems that allowed for the effective rule of the nascent Islamic empire and the expansio… It is a master piece of architectural ingenuity having a decisive influence on the maturity of mosque architecture all over the Muslim World. Although it has been a Muslim city for the better part of thirteen centuries, Damascus has been home to a substantial Christian population for nearly two thousand years.  Old Damascus has a large Christian quarter that dominates the eastern half of the city.  The Chapel of Ananias supposedly stands on the place where Ananias baptized Paul, and St. Paul’s Chapel marks the spot where Paul escaped from the city in a basket over the wall.  There are at least half a dozen other shrines throughout the region that claim to be home to the relics of John the Baptist.  There is a pretty good chance that the body was once interred in the Tomb of John the Baptist in Sebaste in Palestine, while the head was probably kept for a while at the Fortress of Herod at Machaerus.  John the Baptist is still highly venerated at both of these places. The basilica should have been smaller the the actual mosque, and no traces seems exists at our time. Umayyad mosque. Thanks for your reply. The purpose of this article is to give you a brief overview of what this decision means and why it matters. Apr 4, 2018 - Explore Hazar Elhassani's board "Umayyad mosque" on Pinterest. The Umayyad Mosque is located in the heart of the Old City of Damascus, and is part of a cluster of major sites that are inundated with visitors and pilgrims on a daily basis.  It is an rarity from a tourism standpoint, as it is probably the greatest shrine in the Muslim world that permits non-Muslims to enter its holy precincts.  That said, extreme respect in the form of dress and behavior is expected.  The mosque is open daily from 9:00am-9:00pm.  The cost of admission varies throughout the year, from SL10 to SL50 depending on the season.  Web: Not currently available due to ongoing problems in the region. Hi, Does anybody know if before Islam, the basilica that stood on the grounds where the mosque is now, is still part of the mosque now? This site, created by Howard Kramer, is a combination travel blog and online guide to the world's greatest sites of religious interest (with some historic and recreational places thrown in for good measure). Howard Kramer is the creator and author of The Complete Pilgrim. He consolidated the early Muslim conquests in the Middle East and expanded the empire. Learn how your comment data is processed. What if the Umayyad Caliphate discovered America? The dome was built under orders from the governor of Damascus, Fadl ibn Salih, in 789. After the Muslims besieged Damascus, Khaled bin Al-Walid entered it and entered it in peace, and it was annexed to the Umayyad state after that, and in the era of Al-Walid bin Abdul-Malik, the Umayyad Mosque was built in the southern part of the church. Umayyad Mosque, Damascus. The … [Read More...], by Glory Ali The City of Brotherly Love offers tons to see and do and get this, it’s FREE. [3] However, it was always rebuilt after all. 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